Work

 

Helpful Websites

 



Job Service North Dakota

Know what jobs are out there.
A great place to start is the Job Service North Dakota website.

 

It’s important to know your rights.
Visit the National Disability Rights Network for more information.

 

ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act)

If you are an individual with a disability, you should be aware of how the disability may affect your job performance. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, state and local government services and transportation, public accommodations, and telecommunications.

 

Self-Disclosure

If you have a disability and are preparing to enter the workforce, you’ll need to decide whether to tell your potential employer about your disability. This is called “self-disclosure.”

When it comes to self-disclosure, there are two important terms: reasonable accommodation and essential job function.

 

 
 
 

For more information on workplace accommodation or ADA, visit the Job Accommodation Network.

 
 

How to Master Soft Skills for
Workplace Success

 

When to Disclose Your Disability

An employer cannot legally ask disability or medical questions in an interview. Unless a job is offered, the employer may not have you submit to a medical examination—that is, unless they require ALL applicants to have the medical examination.

There is a difference between having a disability and having disability job-related limitations.

Information about your disability which employers DO NOT need to know and DO NOT have a right to ask for include:

  • Its definition
  • Why or how it began
  • Its effects and prognosis
  • Past, present and future medical treatment

Disability job-related limitations, on the other hand, are about your need for a reasonable accommodation. Your potential employer may need this disability information about you:

  • If you request a reasonable accommodation
  • If the employer can’t evaluate performance of the essential functions with your disability

Helpful Hints about Self-Disclosure

  • A potential employer has the right to ask if you can perform the essential functions of the job.
  • Employers are required to accommodate only disabilities they know about.
  • You have the right not to discuss or disclose your disability if you don’t need to ask for reasonable accommodations.
  • You only need to explain how your disability will affect your ability to do the job.

If your disability requires a reasonable accommodation, request it. Then emphasize how it will help you contribute to the business. Remember, the employer’s job is to add value to the business, not to your life.

The 411 on Disability Disclosure

A workbook that provides you the expertise about disclosing a disability, from The National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability for Youth.

 

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